Copenhagen Accord Considered A 'Step Forward'
Chinese Minister Yang Jiechi claims that a positive step forward has been achieved by the Copenhagen summit, in the recognition of different responsibility regarding climate change for both developing countries and richer nations.
This shared responsibility implies that measures are going to be taken by all countries to reduce emissions by adopting energy saving solutions, for example.
The Energy Saving Association (ESA)'s Council Member, Mark Sinden, believes in the incredible potential that energy efficiency represents as a cost-effective solution to global warming, which will be one of the key elements in achieving emission reduction.
The step forward was achieved through intense negotiations, which took place between the US, China, Brazil, South Africa and India in order to reach a consensus.
The outcome of the Copenhagen conference was the approval of an agreement stating that greenhouse gas emissions had to be reduced by all countries in order to prevent global temperatures from rising beyond the predicted 2 degrees Celcius.
This goal will require countries to implement energy efficient systems in order to reduce energy consumption, cut down on energy costs, and reduce carbon emissions.
The accord does not however set specific emission reduction targets or guidelines to achieve this goal.
Although the agreement is considered to be a 'breakthrough' by the US President, Mr. Obama nevertheless also considers it to be 'not enough' in order to effectively curb climate change tendencies.
The USA and China are the world's biggest emitters of greenhouse gases.
While environmentalists and less-developed nations only gave the accord criticism and weak support, the UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon has praised the compromise, considering it a great step forward toward global agreement on climate change issues.
The Copenhagen accord also demands that wealthy countries input a $30 billion to help developing nations curb their emissions over the next 3 years.
This funding aims to be increased to $100 billion by 2020.
Sunday 20th December 2009